R&D

 
1. WASTE TO METHANOL
 
Our fundamental assumption is that the organic parts of communal waste, industrial and agriculture waste can be excellent raw materials for syngas production. The syngas is will be use for chemically synthesis or thermal energy holder.
The communal waste has the carbon and water basis, and direct added steam flow is not necessary for the hydrogen
production. Total drying of the raw material is not necessary, because the raw material wet is used to endothermic hydrogen
production. The communal waste in deposit generates a lot of greenhouse gas, but is not by syngas processes. The oxygen
source will be from air separation or clean liquid oxygen.
In our technology we used modified gas and solid flow direction and high carbon bed temperature. In this regime the syngas has
not got toxic organic (for example dioxins and tar) and inert components.
The CO2 is not washed out from the system. It can be stored and periodically can be used in methanol production using wind
and solar energy as well.
From 1000 kg communal waste the methanol production is 330 kg without renewable or direct external energy.
The innovation is registered in USA, EU, Chine and former Sovietunion.
 
2. GREEN POWER FROM SLUDGE.
Sludge of communal waste water can be deposited in the fields only occasionally by actual law because of environmental
charge. Being burnt with fossils or biomass waste to get them harmless needs considerable fuel consumption and causes air
pollution.
Point of our process is drying sludge up to 95-99% dry material content in a new spiral significantly developed in heat and
component transfer after being centrifuged or dried else. The dry sludge got in this way has a heat value of 15-18 MJ/kg, we
produce high pressure steam with it, and use for generating electric power in a non-condensing turbine. The low pressure steam
will heat sludge mass up, from that partly cooled exhaust gases remove moisture directly.
Point of our process is, we do not use added fuel to remove moisture (except starting the plant), but we use the waste heat (65-
75%) of electric power generation using thermic energy of dried sludge in our new drier in order to remove moisture content
from sludge.
Waste water sludge with high moisture content is transferred in a special spiral system without axle (used for transportation of
powder-like materials) in reverse-current, that has an outer covering. Steam condensating in this covering (leaving the turbine,
fulfilling drying air) gives his heat energy effectively to sludge coming along the wall against it and moved radially, too. Parallel to
sludge movement direction we pump in the drier the air, that will be even hotter thank to temperature gradient, and that is even
moisturer at balance temperature of sludge. The constantly disturbed surface helps achieving shorter fulfilling time and high
efficiency.
 
3. TOP WATER DECONTAMINATION
Process for Preconditioning Drinking Water by Using an Ion Selective Membrane Without Using any Chemicals
The present invention relates to a process for the preconditioning of waters contaminated by organic materials and/or infected
by micro-organism (bacteria or/and virus) for purification of same for the purpose of drinking water. The invention can be
characterized in that the water to be purified is introduced into a space between an anionic selective membrane and anode
resisting to strongly oxidative effects and the solution comprising of hydroxyl ions is circulated in the space of the anionic
selective membrane and the corrosion resistant cathode without the addition of an oxidising agent and a direct basic material
and the purified water and the carbon dioxide containing oxygen gas formed in the anode space are by-passed from the anode
space and hydrogen gas formed in the cathode space is by-passed from the cathode space.
The all organic compound and micro-organism are oxidating to carbon dioxide, the arsenit ions oxidated to arsenat (this is
adszorbed at carbon black). The ammonium ions are oxidaising to nitrate ions.
The innovation is registered in, EU, Chine and former Sovietunion.
 
4. AN EXTREMELY HIGH ENERGY BATTERY FOR ENERGY INDUSTRY
Electric power plants (other than base load plants) are often confronted with very low load valleys, when they can sell electricity at extremely low (sometimes even negative) prices. In peak load periods, however, they are generating powers greater than optimal (from points of view of economic and environment-friendly operation).
Electric power generated from renewable sources is mostly volatile, depends from environmental conditions and does not correlate to demand.
In order to solve both problems big storage facilities are needed that are not constrained by their capacity.
Advantages:
      • Using excess electric power (e.g. from intermittent wind or solar energy) and liquid carbon dioxide (from CCS process)                     liquid methanol is produced.
      • It is not necessary to store hydrogen gas and there is no capacity limit for storing methanol. Electric power is generated           again from methanol using gas turbine when and where the energy is needed, preferably in peak price hours.
      • Additionally the produced oxygen also has considerable energy content.
      • The presented system has 10.5 MW rating and its overall energy efficiency is 52%
 
5. WASTE WATER TREATMENT
For the desalination of waste water of plant is necessary to treat the most volume salt exposition lines. These are Simvastatin and Torbamycin productions.
The Simvastatin line waste water has 1445 kg sulphate-ions per 27 cubic meter. This is 53.5 g/L sulphate ion, 53 times more than limit for summa salt.
The Tobramycin line waste water has 18 g/L phosphate ion, 18 times more than salt limit. The phosphate limit is 10 mg/L, the waste water phosphate concentration 1.8x103 times more.
 
6. ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY PROCESS FOR WASHING OF POWER PLANT FINAL HEAT CHANGE SYSTEM
An essential part of water resources are used in industrial processes for cooling or washing purposes. In both cases the used water gets back in the environment in a polluted state. The water-use reduction technologies are spreading mainly in waterless areas.
In oil burning power stations the heat content of the hot flue gas is used for pre-heating of the air supply. As a result for this there is a substantial nickel, chromium- and vanadic compound deposition in the heat exchanger, and in addition the material of the heat exchanger is corroded as well, resulting an essential ferriferous- and manganese compound content.

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